Maps    Nature Calendar    Field Guides    Stewardship    Programs and Resources    
Stanley Park  Explorer        Search     About the Site         Home  
Life Forms <   Fungi 
Kingdom Eumycota - True Fungi  

List by
Common Name
Scientific Name

View by
  Family Group

Inky Cap Fungi
   Inky Cap Fungi photographed September 24, 2004

Members of the kingdom Eumcyota or True Fungi grow in many shapes and sizes but all have one characteristic in common; their cell walls contain chitin; the same material found in the exoskeleton of insects.

Taxonomists group the Eumycota into 5 divsions. Only the species of fungi belonging to two of these divisions are visible to the naked eye, the rest are microscopic. All specimens of large fungi or macrofungi, if viewed under a microscope, have threads, hypha, with walls, septa.

The two main groups or divisions the that comprise the macrofungi differ in how they produce spores. It takes a microscope to see the details of these key features but its helpful to recognize the division names as you will find them in most field guides.
, members of the divsion Ascomycotina produce their spores inside microscopic sacs or 'pods' called asci. Basidiomycetes or members of the division Basidiomycotina produce their spores on the surface on basidia, microscopic club or prong-shaped structures.

Further Reading

Classification of the Eumycota
A clear overview of the main features of the Eumycota produced by the Australian Biological Resources Study

Life History and Ecology
A short introduction produced by the University of Berkley

The Five Kingdoms
Overview and simple key to the members of the Five Kingdoms

Stanley Park Explorer Field Guide


Stanley Park Explorer
Copyright © 2003
All Rights Reserved

Produced by Peter Woods
Interpretive Programs and Design Services
Vancouver BC [604] 644-0110
Revised: Jan 15 2006